The bigest volcanic eruptions of the decade in pictures

Posted: 31/03/2011 in World


In this photo released by Sernageomin-Onemi, Lava explodes from the Llaima volcano, one of Chile’s most active volcanoes, in Cherquenco, Chile, early Thursday, July 10, 2008. The 9,400-foot (3,120-meter) volcano grew more dangerous after activity had decreased in recent days.(AP Photo/Sernageomin-Onemi)




This image released by Alaska Volcano Observatory on Sunday July 13, 2008 shows the Okmok Caldera in Alaska as viewed from an Alaska Airlines jet in early June, 2007. The 3,500-foot Okmok Caldera, which consists of a 6-mile-wide circular crater about 1,600 feet deep, erupted with little warning Saturday morning July 12, 2008, just hours after seismologists at the Alaska Volcano Center began detecting a series of small tremors. (AP Photo/ Alaska Volcano Observatory)



In an Image provided by NASA, the Terra satellite captured this image July 13, 2008, of the Okmok Caldera erupting on Umnak Island in Alaska. Viewed through a break in the clouds, Both a steam plume, right, and an ash plume emanate from the volcano. The blue-green color of the nearby ocean water may result from volcanic ashfall. (AP Photo/NASA)



This photo of a plume of ash rising through a cloud layer over Chaiten, Chile was taken from aboard the International Space Station on May 5th, 2008. (Image Science and Analysis Laboratory, NASA-Johnson Space Center)



Army Staff Sgt. Edward Lee (cq), left, and Army Staff Sgt. Tremaine Jackson (cq), walk toward the shore of a small island in front of the Rabaul volcano, near Kokopo, Papua New Guinea on Sunday, April 13, 2008. (Yoon S. Byun/Globe Staff)



The crew of the International Space Station observed Mt. Etna’s eruption on October 30th, 2002. This image and the one below are looking obliquely to the southeast over the island of Sicily. (Image Science and Analysis Laboratory, NASA-Johnson Space Center)



The crew of the International Space Station observed Mt. Etna’s eruption on October 30th, 2002. The lighter-colored plumes downslope and north of the summit are produced by forest fires set by lava flowing into the pine forests on the slope of the mountain. (Image Science and Analysis Laboratory, NASA-Johnson Space Center)



Alaska’s Mt Augustine viewed from aboard the M/V Maritime Maid on March 27, 2006 (Cyrus Read / AVO/USGS)



In this photo released by Intendencia Regional de Los Lagos, the Chaiten volcano erupts, near Chaiten, in southern Chile, Tuesday, June 17, 2008. The volcano has regained strength with bursts of thick gas, seismic rumblings and the emergence of two new craters, authorities said on Friday, June 13. It erupted May 2 and has forced the evacuation of 4,500 residents form the nearby village of Chaiten. The village has since been heavily damaged by the overflowing Blanco River, its water thickened by ash from the volcano. (AP Photo/Christian Brown, Intendencia Regional de Los Lagos )



Russia’s Kliuchevskoi Volcano, seen erupting on September 30, 1994. Astronauts aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour snapped photos as the eruption cloud reached 60,000 feet above sea level, and the winds carried ash as far as 640 miles southeast. (Image Science and Analysis Laboratory, NASA-Johnson Space Center)



Soputan volcano spews thick smoke and heat clouds in Minahasa on June 6, 2008. Mount Soputan in North Sulawesi started to erupt the morning of June 6th, throwing ash two kilometers into the air. (STR/AFP/Getty Images)



Alaska’s Mt. Augustine viewed at first light on March 26, 2006, from the M/V Maritime Maid. (Cyrus Read / AVO/USGS)



Russia’s Kliuchevskoi Volcano, seen erupting from 115 nautical miles above Earth on September 30, 1994. Astronauts aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour captured this image of the Earth’s limb, and Kliuchevskoi’s ash plume spreading out across the Pacific Ocean. (Image Science and Analysis Laboratory, NASA-Johnson Space Center)



Steam rises from the waters surrounding nearby Rabaul volcano, in Rabaul, Papua New Guinea on Sunday, April 13, 2008. (Yoon S. Byun/Boston Globe Staff)



The crewmembers of the Space Shuttle Endeavour used a 35mm still camera to record this image of Mt. Etna Volcano erupting on the island of Sicily on December 14th, 2002. The oblique, south-looking view shows Mt. Etna’s dark ash plume rising above the general altitude of storm clouds over the Mediterranean Sea at sunset. (Image Science and Analysis Laboratory, NASA-Johnson Space Center)



An undersea volcano erupts off the coast of Tonga, sending plumes of steam, ash and smoke up to 100 meters into the air, on March 18, 2009, off the coast of Nuku’Alofa, Tonga. (Dana Stephenson/Getty Images)



An undersea volcano erupts off the coast of Tonga, tossing clouds of smoke, steam and ash thousands of meters into the sky above the South Pacific ocean, Tuesday, March 17, 2009. The eruption was at sea about 10 kilometers from the southwest coast of the main island of Tongatapu, an area where up to 36 undersea volcanoes are clustered. (AP Photo/Trevor Gregory) #



First in a series of undersea volcano eruption photos off the coast of Tonga, taken March 18th by photographer Dana Stephenson. (Dana Stephenson/Getty Images) #



Second in a series of undersea volcano eruption photos off the coast of Tonga, taken March 18th by photographer Dana Stephenson. (Dana Stephenson/Getty Images) #



Third in a series of undersea volcano eruption photos off the coast of Tonga, taken March 18th by photographer Dana Stephenson. (Dana Stephenson/Getty Images) #



Fourth in a series of undersea volcano eruption photos off the coast of Tonga, taken March 18th by photographer Dana Stephenson. (Dana Stephenson/Getty Images) #



Fifth in a series of undersea volcano eruption photos off the coast of Tonga, taken March 18th by photographer Dana Stephenson. (Dana Stephenson/Getty Images) #



Sixth in a series of undersea volcano eruption photos off the coast of Tonga, taken March 18th by photographer Dana Stephenson. (Dana Stephenson/Getty Images) #



An undersea volcano erupts about 10 kilometers off the Tongatapu coast of Tonga sending plumes of steam and smoke hundreds of meters into the air. (LOTHAR SLABON/AFP/Getty Images) #



An undersea volcano erupts off the coast of Tonga on March 18, 2009. (Dana Stephenson/Getty Images) #



An undersea volcano erupts off the coast of Tonga on March 18, 2009. (Dana Stephenson/Getty Images) #



The plume of an erupting undersea volcano is seen off the coast of Nuku’Alofa, Tonga on March 18, 2009. (Dana Stephenson/Getty Images) #

Since its initial eruptions on October 25th, Indonesia’s Mount Merapi continues to spew hot gases and ash as far as 5,000 meters into the atmosphere, wreaking havoc on surrounding villages and farms, and disrupting air travel – and more than 140 people have been killed by the eruptions over the past two weeks. Hundreds of thousands of residents have been displaced, many of them living in temporary shelters until the Indonesian government reduces the existing 20 km «safe zone», and allows them and their livestock to return. Collected here are recent images from the area near the unpredictable Mount Merapi as it still rumbles and erupts.



A farmer stands in a rice field as volcanic material from Mount Merapi erupts, in Klaten, Central Java on November 4, 2010 near Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Over 70,000 people have now been evacuated with the danger zone being extended to over 15km as the volcano continues to spew ash and volcanic material. (Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images)



Mount Merapi volcano spews smoke as seen from Deles village in Klaten, near the ancient city of Yogyakarta, November 1, 2010. (REUTERS/Dwi Oblo) #



Houses are in flames as volunteers rescue burned victims of an eruption of Mount Merapi in Argomulyo village early on November 5, 2010. (SUSANTO/AFP/Getty Images) #



Volunteers rescue burned victims of Mount Merapi eruption in Argomulyo village, devastated by deadly hot clouds of volcanic ash early on November 5, 2010. (SUSANTO/AFP/Getty Images) #



Lightning strikes as Mount Merapi erupts, as seen from Ketep village in Magelang, Indonesia’s Central Java province November 6, 2010. (REUTERS/Beawiharta) #



Dead trees and ash cover a damaged house with the erupting Mount Merapi in the background in Sleman, Yogyakarta province, central Java, on November 6, 2010. (BAY ISMOYO/AFP/Getty Images) #



A pair of shoes sit covered in volcanic ash from the eruption of Mount Merapi in the abandoned village of Kaliadem, Yogyakarta, Indonesia on Nov. 2, 2010. (AP Photo/Trisnadi) #



Survivor Sri Sucirathaasri, 18, stands beside her injured sister Prisca in a hospital in Yogyakarta, Indonesia on Nov. 5, 2010. The hospital at the foot of Indonesia’s most volatile volcano is struggling to cope with victims brought in after the mountain’s most powerful eruption in a century. (AP Photo/Achmad Ibrahim) #



Villagers gather at the grave of the victims of Mount Merapi eruption for a mass burial at Sleman, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Sunday, Nov. 7, 2010. (AP Photo/Achmad Ibrahim) #



A villager takes a stroll at Ketep village in Magelang, Indonesia’s Central Java province, November 6, 2010, as Mount Merapi volcano erupts spewing out towering clouds of hot gas and debris in the background. (REUTERS/Beawiharta) #



Dead trees and mud clog a river as clouds of hot ash spew from the erupting Mount Merapi in Sleman, central Java, on November 6, 2010. (BAY ISMOYO/AFP/Getty Images) #



Volcanic ash from the eruption of Mount Merapi covers a village in Muntilan, Central Java, Indonesia, Sunday, Nov. 7, 2010. (AP Photo/Trisnadi) #



A search and rescue team looks for victims at Wukirsari village in Sleman district in the Indonesian Central Java province November 7, 2010. (REUTERS/Sigit Pamungkas) #



A kitchen is covered by ash in Cangkringan village off the Indonesia’s Central Java province, November 6, 2010. (REUTERS/Dwi Oblo) #



A pet bird, killed during the eruption of Mount Merapi, lies in its cage in the abandoned village of Kaliadem, Yogyakarta, Indonesia on Nov. 2, 2010. (AP Photo/Trisnadi) #



A melted radio-cassette tape recorder sits covered with volcanic ash from the eruption of Mount Merapi in the abandoned village of Kaliadem, Yogyakarta, Indonesia on Nov. 1, 2010. (AP Photo/Trisnadi) #



Bodies of victims of an eruption of Mount Merapi rest amongst ashes and debris in front of a house in Argomulyo village, Cangkringan, in Sleman November 5, 2010. (REUTERS/Aditia Surya) #



Rescuers remove the charred remain of the body of a victim of Mount Merapi eruption in Argomulyo, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Friday, Nov. 5, 2010. (AP Photo/Trisnadi) #



An Indonesian veterinarian tends to a cow injured after Mouth Merapi’s eruption in the village of Umbulharjo, in Sleman, central Java, on October 29, 2010. (ADEK BERRY/AFP/Getty Images) #



Molten lava flows from the crater of Mount Merapi captured in this long exposure photograph taken from Klaten district in Central Java province late on November 2, 2010. (SONNY TUMBELAKA/AFP/Getty Images) #



Mount Merapi spews lava and smoke as it erupted again on Wednesday as seen from Sidorejo village in Klaten on November 3, 2010. (REUTERS/Beawiharta) #



Residents ride their motorcycles in Yogyakarta, blanketed by volcanic ash falling from Mount Merapi’s latest eruption early on October 30, 2010. (CLARA PRIMA/AFP/Getty Images) #



A woman wearing a raincoat, rides a bicycle on an ash-covered road after another eruption of Mount Merapi volcano, in the city of Yogyakarta October 30, 2010. (REUTERS/Andry Prasetyo) #



Villagers flee their homes following another eruption Mount Merapi in Klaten ,Indonesia, Friday, Nov. 5, 2010. (AP Photo/Achmad Ibrahim) #



Mount Merapi erupts, as seen from Wukirsari village in Sleman, near the ancient city of Yogyakarta, November 4, 2010. (REUTERS/Beawiharta) #



Stumps are all that remain of trees felled by an eruption of Mount Merapi, at Kinahrejo village in Sleman, Indonesia on October 27, 2010. (Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images) #



Residents leave a danger zone as Merapi volcano releases ash clouds above Balerante village, Klaten on November 1, 2010. (ADEK BERRY/AFP/Getty Images) #



Villagers escorted by police carry a suspected looter caught in an abandoned village in Sleman located in Mount Merapi’s danger zone on November 1, 2010. (ARYA BIMA/AFP/Getty Images) #



Indonesian soldiers of Special Force of Kopassus evacuate an elderly woman who refuses to leave her home during an evacuation after a new violent explosion in Umbulharjo, Sleman on October 30, 2010. (ADEK BERRY/AFP/Getty Images) #



A woman prays in a temporary shelter at Maguwoharjo Stadium in Yogyakarta, November 5, 2010. (REUTERS/Beawiharta) #



Refugees rummage through second-hand clothes that were distributed at a refugee camp in Yogyakarta, Central Java November 7, 2010. (REUTERS/Sigit Pamungkas) #



A girl weeps at a temporary shelter for those who are affected by the eruption of Mount Merapi in Bawukan, Indonesia, Friday, Nov. 5, 2010. (AP Photo/AK Hendratmo) #



Refugees look out from inside a tent during rain at a temporary evacuation center set up as a result of the repeated eruptions of Mount Merapi, in Keputran village, Klaten, Central Java on November 4, 2010. (Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images) #



Lava and ash spews from the top of Mount Merapi, viewed from Klaten district in Central Java province before dawn on November 6, 2010. (BAY ISMOYO/AFP/Getty Images) #



A view from a domestic flight from Denpasar to Yogyakarta that was subsequently diverted to Surabaya airport shows a plume of gas and ash billowing some 10 km (six mi) high from Mount Merapi, during an eruption on November 4, 2010. (CLARA PRIMA/AFP/Getty Images) #



Search and rescue team members from Yogyakarta carry a victim of Merapi volcano’s eruption at the village of Ngancar in Sleman on November 8, 2010. (CLARA PRIMA/AFP/Getty Images) #



The hand of a victim of the eruption of Mount Merapi, among body bags at a hospital morgue in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Friday, Nov. 5, 2010. (AP Photo/Slamet Riyadi) #



A farmer walks through his corn field covered in volcanic ash from Mount Merapi eruption in Muntilan, Central Java, Indonesia on Monday, Nov. 8, 2010. (AP Photo) #



Mount Merapi, viewed from Sidorejo village in Klaten on November 1, 2010. (REUTERS/Beawiharta) #



The sun rises over a smoking Mount Merapi on August 8th of 2010. Original here. (Bernard Tey / CC BY-ND) #



A view of the Mount Merapi volcano emitting smoke is seen from Cangkringan village in the district of Sleman, central Java October 25, 2010. (REUTERS/Dwi Oblo) #



Indonesian rescuers evacuate victims of Merapi volcano at Kinahrejo village, Sleman, Yogyakarta on October 26, 2010, after the volcano erupted three times. (CLARA PRIMA/AFP/Getty Images) #



A rescuer carries a young victim at Kinahrejo village, Sleman, Yogyakarta on October 26, 2010 after the eruption of Indonesia’s Mount Merapi volcano. (CLARA PRIMA/AFP/Getty Images) #



Paramedics wheel a burned, ash-covered villager on a stretcher as Mount Merapi erupts, at Kaliurang village in Sleman, on October 26, 2010 near Yogyakarta, Indonesia. (Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images) #



Paramedics carry an injured villager in Kaliurang village in Sleman, on October 26, 2010. (Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images) #



A mother carries her son as she runs following the erupution of Mount Merapi, at Kaliurang village in Sleman, on October 26, 2010. (Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images) #



A rescuer wheels a man, badly burned by an eruption of Mount Merapi, into a hospital in Pakem, Yogyakarta, Indonesia on Tuesday, Oct. 26, 2010. (AP Photo/Slamet Riyadi) #



Volunteers search for victims of the Mount Merapi eruption at Kinahrejo village in Sleman, Indonesia on October 27, 2010. (Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images) #



A bowl of noodles and a glass rest on a table, covered by ash at Mbah Marijan’s house at Kinarrejo village in Sleman on October 27, 2010. Mbah Marijan, was considered to be the spiritual gatekeeper of Mount Merapi (REUTERS/Beawiharta) #



A buffalo lies dead and covered with volcanic ash at a village hit by pyroclastic flows from Tuesday’s eruption of Mount Merapi in Kinahrejo, Yogyakarta, Indonesia on Wednesday, Oct. 27, 2010. (AP Photo/Trisnadi) #



Indonesian search and rescue teams explore the area after Mount Merapi volcano erupted the night before in the village of Pakem in Sleman, Yogyakarta province on October 27, 2010. (CLARA PRIMA/AFP/Getty Images) #



A car covered in volcanic ash sits amongst surrounding damage after Mount Merapi volcano erupted the night before in the village of Pakem in Sleman on October 27, 2010. (CLARA PRIMA/AFP/Getty Images) #



A medic takes a look at the coffin of Merapi volcano guardian Grandfather Marijan next to other dead bodies at the Sarjito hospital in Yogyakarta on October 27, 2010. (ADEK BERRY/AFP/Getty Images) #



Volcanic ash covers the interior of a house at a village badly hit by pyroclastic flows from Mount Merapi eruption in Kinahrejo, Yogyakarta, Indonesia on Wednesday, Oct. 27, 2010. (AP Photo/Slamet Riyadi) #



Cows covered with terrible burns stand outside a destroyed barn the day after Mount Merapi volcano erupted in the village of Pakem in Sleman, Yogyakarta province on October 27, 2010. (CLARA PRIMA/AFP/Getty Images) #

Chaiten Volcano in Chile continues to erupt, after its recent eruption on May 6th, – its first activity in over 9,000 years.



A plume of ashes spewed by the Chaiten volcano as seen from the city of Chaiten, 1,200km south from Santiago, Chile on May 5, 2008. (ALVARO VIDAL/AFP/Getty Images)



This image provided by NASA’s MODIS instrument on board the Terra satellite shows volcanic ash and steam billowing from the Chaiten Volcano in southern Chile, drifting across Argentina and dissipating over the Atlantic Ocean, Saturday, May 3, 2008.(AP Photo/NASA)



Local residents are helped to board during evacuation operations following the eruption of the Chaiten volcano, in the locality of Chaiten, some 1,200 km south of Santiago on May 2, 2008. About 1,500 people had to be evacuated after the eruption, which caused a red alert in neighbouring regions of Chile and Argentina.(CHRISTIAN BROWN/AFP/Getty Images)



Lightning bolts appear above and around the Chaiten volcano as seen from Chana, some 30 kms (19 miles) north of the volcano, as it began its first eruption in thousands of years, in southern Chile May 2, 2008. Cases of electrical storms breaking out directly above erupting volcanoes are well documented, although scientists differ on what causes them. Picture taken May 2, 2008. (Carlos Gutierrez)



Lightning bolts appear above and around the Chaiten volcano as seen from Chana, some 30 kms (19 miles) north of the volcano, as it began its first eruption in thousands of years, in southern Chile May 2, 2008. Cases of electrical storms breaking out directly above erupting volcanoes are well documented, although scientists differ on what causes them. Picture taken May 2, 2008. (Carlos Gutierrez)



Lightning bolts appear above and around the Chaiten volcano as seen from Chana, some 30 kms (19 miles) north of the volcano, as it began its first eruption in thousands of years, in southern Chile May 2, 2008. Cases of electrical storms breaking out directly above erupting volcanoes are well documented, although scientists differ on what causes them. Picture taken May 2, 2008. (Carlos Gutierrez)



A cloud of smoke and ashes produced by intensified eruption of the Chaiten volcano are seen over Chaiten on Tuesday, May 6, 2008, in southern Chile. (AP Photo/La Tercera)



A dead cow lies covered by ashes from the Chaiten volcano at a road leading to the Argenroad to Argentina, near Chaiten, Chile, Tuesday, May 6, 2008. The eruption spewed incandescent material and blated ash some 20 miles (30 kilometers) into the Andean sky, forcing authorities to a complete evacuation of the area including the nearby town of Chaiten. (AP Photo/La Tercera, Alfredo Miranda)



A sculpture of the Chilean national hero Arturo Prat is seen covered with ash from Chaiten volcano, at Futaleufu public square, some 1,450 km (900 miles) south of Santiago, May 9, 2008. (REUTERS/Ivan Alvarado)



Chile’s Chaiten volcano erupts in Chaiten, Chile, Sunday, May 4, 2008. (AP Photo/Santiago Llanquin)



An aerial view after the flooded Chaiten town in southern Chile June 3, 2008. Experts have said Chaiten Volcano could erupt at a less volatile pace for months and even years. Picture taken June 3, 2008. (REUTERS/Cristian Brown/Intendencia Region de los Lagos/Handout)



Smoke rises from Chaiten volcano at Chaiten, located some 1220 km (760 miles) south of Santiago May 4, 2008. (REUTERS/Ivan Alvarado)

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